In the 1880s, Louis Pasteur developed vaccines for four potentially fatal infections, including Chicken Cholera, Anthrax, Swine Erysipelas, and Rabies. Dr. Jesse Lazear was an American physician who played a critical role in understanding the transmission of Yellow fever, a life-threatening viral infection (4). His sacrifice was crucial in establishing the relationship between mosquitoes and Yellow fever, which later formed the basis of the development of key preventative strategies. John Franklin Enders is referred to as “The Father of Modern Vaccines.” In 1954, he, along with Thomas H. Weller and Frederick C. Robbins, received the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the successful in-vitro culture of the Poliomyelitis viruses (poliovirus) (8). The names mentioned above are just a few of the many scientists whose dedication, hard work, and intellect helped develop safe and effective vaccines, providing immeasurable contributions to our healthcare system.
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